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Beginner’s Guide to Crypto & Blockchain in 2022

Beginner’s Guide to Crypto & Blockchain in 2022

Crypto is no longer a secluded industry with a small fan following. It is everywhere now. I bet you have heard or read about crypto multiple times in the last year. News Channels are realizing the importance of Crypto and demystifying it for the general masses. Almost all popular channels have created some sort of guide or news package on “What is Crypto?” However, some people still struggle to understand how the crypto industry works.

This guide will explain cryptocurrency and blockchain for beginners and discuss the features of this technology.

What is Cryptocurrency?

The word Cryptocurrency is a combination of two separate words ‘Cryptography’ and ‘Currency’. Cryptography is the method of securing the information so that no unauthorized personnel can access it. Whereas currency is the medium for transferring value.

Cryptocurrency is digital cash that you can use to transfer value. You can pay it for buying Pizza or lending money to your friend. Unlike traditional money, cryptocurrency is not owned by any banks or central institutions. There are computers around the world that act as banks and store crypto transactions information. This storage facility for crypto info is also known as Blockchain. More on that in the next section.

Features of cryptocurrency

Digital money has some cool features that separate it from fiat currencies. These include:

Fast and Secure Payment Method

Crypto payments are completely secure through cryptography. Breaking into crypto ledgers and changing information is nearly impossible. Therefore the transfer of money is guaranteed. Moreover, the crypto is sent over the internet in minutes. It doesn't require confirmations from banks or any other entities.

No Permission Required

Cryptocurrency is decentralized which means the people using it are also the maintainers of the system. There is no central authority that can freeze your wallet or stop you from sending money. This feature of crypto makes it useful during times of turmoil in countries. For instance, the closure of Banks in Afghanistan during the political crisis urged Afghanis to turn towards crypto.

No Middleman

The cost of sending crypto is also less than sending Fiat. There is no middleman or intermediary when you are doing transactions. This eliminates fees and other system maintenance charges.

Anonymous Transactions

Crypto transactions are anonymous and do not reveal the identity of the sender or recipient. This feature is sometimes construed as the negative aspect of crypto because it facilitates money laundering. However, most crypto exchanges take measures to curb such transactions.

Bitcoin: The first-ever Cryptocurrency

Bitcoin is the king of all cryptocurrencies. It was introduced in 2009 by a programmer or group of programmers with the pseudo name Satoshi Nakamoto. Satoshi published a White Paper detailing the functioning of Bitcoin in 2008. One year later the software was released and the rest is history.

Bitcoin or BTC is a decentralized cash system. It is run by thousands of computers around the world. Your computer can be a part of this system by running open-source software.

The information of bitcoin transactions is stored on the blockchain which is like a shared data sheet with multiple copies stored on computers around the globe.

What Is Blockchain?

Well, we have given you some idea about blockchain at this point. Let’s dig a little deeper and understand the working of it.

Blockchain is a database that contains transaction information. It is like a spreadsheet but there are some cool features that differentiate it from an ordinary excel sheet.


You can only add information to the blockchain. You are not allowed to delete any previous data. This is called the append-only feature of blockchain.


The whole blockchain is linked cryptographically. Every new entry contains a hash (fingerprint) of the old entry. Hashing of data blocks is necessary to make them a part of the blockchain. This feature makes it impossible for anyone to add fake entries to the blockchain.


Cryptography makes blockchain extremely secure. Data is protected in such a way that no one can change it without breaking into multiple computers at the same time. Therefore, Blockchain is called an ‘Immutable Ledger’.

Cryptocurrency Trading

Blockchain and Cryptocurrency are used in multiple industries at the time. It is a replacement for traditional centralized operations in the internet world. But beyond that, crypto is massively popular among the younger generation for short-term gains.

Crypto trading is the activity of buying and selling crypto to make a profit from market volatility. There are hundreds of crypto trading pairs available on cryptocurrency exchanges like Coinbase and Binance.

Automated crypto trading is also gaining popularity in the world. It is an excellent side hustle for passive income. Trading tools like Digiebot allow you to trade efficiently 24/7 with minimal input. You can head over to this blog to learn more about digiebot.

Closing thoughts

Crypto provides a hedge against inflation. It is a non-traditional asset for investment. Countries and institutions around the world are adopting crypto and blockchain technology. In short, we are entering the era of digital currencies. One simply cannot ignore crypto and its impact on the global economy. Hence we need to keep learning about crypto and its applications in our lives.